Positive Behavior Support Strategies
Objective: To implement positive behavior support strategies that will increase desired behaviors.
Redirection: redirect the student and then move on so the student has time to process and implement the redirect. At the same time, the teacher avoids engaging in a power struggle in the interim.
Proximity control: By moving close to, touching the desk of walking by, etc. students who are off-task.
Offer choices: Offer students choices within a given task.
Nonverbal cues: Pre-plan nonverbal cues with the student before implementing.
Planned ignoring: Use only for those behaviors that you are sure can be ignored. The behavior must be ignored by anyone who is around the student including the class, visitors and the teacher for planned ignoring to be effective.
Private talks: Focus on the behavior that you want to see.
Praise 3 then redirect if needed and go–praise 3 other students who are exhibiting the behavior you want to see before addressing the student who is not being appropriate. If the student continues to be inappropriate, redirect and then immediately move on to the next task. Avoid power struggles.
- Heavy focus on and recognition of what students are doing right with minimal focus on what students are doing wrong. The bulk of interactions. This ratio should increase to a minimum of 10 positive to 1 negative interaction for students with challenging behavior. Positive interactions are characterized by one of more of the following:
- Non-contingent attention such as holding a conversation or otherwise interacting with the student.
Objective: How to implement positive reinforcement strategies effectively.
- Be specific about the behavior you want. Pick one behavior at a time and specify an action verb. For example:
- Raise your hand before talking
- Ask for help when you don’t understand.
- Use praise statements that describe the specific behavior you want. For example:
- Thanks for waiting so quietly.
- Great job for getting started so quickly.
- It’s still okay to make more general statements like “Super” or “Good work”, but more specific statements help students to keep focused on the most important behavior.